There are a few different types of bone fractures that are more common fractures from a birth injury.
Clavicle Fractures (collar bone fractures) are one of the most common injury due to a difficult birth. This could be a result of a baby’s size, narrow birth canal, if the shoulders get stuck during delivery or the tools used in assisting delivery cause the fracture.
A fracture may also cause Brachial Plexus Paralysis, also known as Erb’s Palsy. It can affect primary nerves that move the arm. Each case is different and will need different levels of care.
Growth plate fractures can happen due to a birth injury. The growth plate is located at the end of a long bone such as an arm or leg bone. Damage to this part of the bone, can cause problems with future bone growth in that area.
Femur fractures are quite a rare injury caused by birth. Occasionally the leg can be awkwardly twisted during delivery which can cause the fracture. Treatment for this fracture is usually a Pavlik Harness.
Most bone fractures heal well with just doctors observation and monitoring. Fortunately due to a newborn baby’s capacity to rapidly heal, most will fully recover from the injury.